The Kirov region
- General information
- Transport infrastructure
- Attainable natural resourses
- Economic development
- Foreign economic activity
- Expoted goods
THE KIROV REGION — located in the North East of the European part of the country.
AREA — 120,4 thousand sq.m.
POPULATION — 1413,3 thousand.
REGION CENTER — the city of Kirov (466,3 thousand), located 900 km to the east from Moscow. The Kirov region is a part of the Volga Federal District, borders on nine regions of the Russian Federation.
Through the oblast run railways connecting the central regions of Russia with the Urals, Siberia and the Far East. The railroads also tie the northern and the southern regions of Russia.
The hard-surface roads connect the Kirov oblast to the center of Russia, the neighboring republics and oblasts.
The length of the navigable waterways along the river of Vyatka and its tributaries exceeds 1000 kilometers.
There is an airport in the city.
Attainable natural resources
- Wood — total volume 1,2 billion metric tons, 19th largest Russian logger.
- Phosphate rock — total volume 2 billion metric tons (45% of all reserves of Russia).
- Peat — total volume 1100,4 million metric tons (1734 fields).
- Construction industry resources — glass sand, sand-gravel aggregates, clay.
The region has high scientific, HR and industrial potentials, well-developed infrastructure and a source material base, which is good for accelerating the development of economics.
Forests are the natural weald of the area. 2\3 of the region is timbered. The total volume of timber is 1,2 billion metric tons, the calculated cut is 16 million cubic meters.
The main directions for the development up to 2020 are pointed in the Strategy of Social and Economic Development of Kirov Region.
The forest industry complex, the agricultural complex, the production of building materials, the development of chemical industry, which is based on field development of phosphate rocks and complex turf refining are the prerogatives of the development.
The agriculture complex is very important in economics of the region. The agricultural companies of the region produce environment friendly goods, which meet the international standards.
Also, the production of building materials is an important sphere of the regional economics. The main kinds of production are construction bricks, side blocks, panels, assembly concrete constructions and details, as well as, rock and aggregates: small rocks, gravel, building sand, sand and gravel mix.
All the necessary is done to develop biochemical and pharmaceutical industries.Significant reserves of mineral water of different degree of salinity and pools of therapeutic mud are concentrated in the region. Commercial hunting and active rest develops due to the variety of natural recourses.
Foreign economic activity
Over 80 countries are the region’s partners in foreign trade, a bilateral cooperation being carried out with a half of them.
In 2010 the turnover of foreign trade was USD 834.8 million, USD 161.2 million — with the countries of the CIS, including USD 673.8 million — with other countries.
Exports accounted for USD 721.8 million, including USD 573.8 million to other countries ,USD 148.0 million to the CIS countries.
Imports accounted for USD 112.9 million and USD 13.0 million from the CIS countries,including USD 99.9 million from other countries.
The balance of foreign trade had the surplus of USD 608.9 million.
The main exported goods are the production of chemical and machine-building industries and lumber.
The list of the major exporters of 2010 includes: LLC KCKK Mineral Fertilizer Plant, JSC Kirov Non-ferrous Metal Processing Plant, JSC Type Works Group Amtel-Povolzhye, JSC KCKK Polymer Plant, JSC Krasny Yakor, JSC Mayak Kirov region, JSC Kirskabel, JSC Domostroitel, JSC Vyatka Wood Company, JSC Moloma Wood Chemical Works, JSC 1 May Engineering Works, JSC Kirov Artificial Leather Works, JSC Mayskles, JSC Lesnoy Profil, JSC Novovyatsk Ski-Making Works.
Among the major importers of 2010 are: JSC Vesta, JSC Kirov Non-ferrous Metal Processing Plant, JSC Kirov Artificial Leather Works, LLC KCKK Mineral Fertilizer Plant, CJSC MZ-5, JSC Type Works Group Amtel-Povolzhye, LLC Steel-Making Company, JSC Kirskabel, JSC Krasny Yakor, JSC Kirov Cottage Construction Factory, LLC Imlight-Showtechnics Company, JSC Kirovhleb.
The major foreign investors operating in Kirov region:
- Candy Group (Italy)-an acquired the Kirov manufacturer of washing machines, OAO Vesta, and put into operation a production line for making Candy washing machines.
- Teka Enterprise (Spain)-a manufacturer of the European quality, modern domestic appliances under the Rica brand.
- IKEA Trading und Design (Sweden)-involved in a joint project with the OOO Domostroitel for the supply of up-to-date equi pment for manufacturing solid-wood furniture parts and furniture in compliance with world standards.
More than 200 diversified organizations export their goods from the Kirov region.
The woodworking companies produce wide choice of lumber, furniture, chip plates, plywood, parquet, ski, paper, test board, charcoal. Timber, lumber, plywood, wooden pellets and matches are exported from the region.
The most popular goods which are in constant requisition in foreign countries are prefabricated wooden houses, made of rounded logs or by manual lumbering.
There are more than 30 furniture factories in the region and two of them are the biggest in all Russia.
The chemical industry is the leading position in the region. The companies of the Kirov region are the key manufacturers of mineral fertilizers and fluoropolymers. The factories also produce fabricated rubber goods, imitation leathers and plastic products for the needs of different trades.
The machinery factories of the region produce woodworking machines, metal-working machinery, lifting equipments, optoelectronics, farm machinery, measuring apparatus, electric motors and electric tools, household appliances, fire-extinguishing equipments and lighting facilities.
The food industry companies produce meat products, dairy, vegetable products and confectionery using modern technologies, alcohol and soft drinks, mineral water and canned goods having applied local fresh and clear materials.
The light industry companies manufacture knitting, leather goods and footwear. The regional traditional fur industry develops successfully, as well as production of art goods, toys and sports goods.
The city of Vyatka is also famous for folk crafts such like: moulded painted clay figures — the Dymkovo Toys; wart, straw, wood and twig handiworks; ceramics and lacework.
The Kirov region provides foreign tourists with taking part in the Velikoretsky Crucession of the Cross, visiting to the paleontological excavations of ancient reptiles and dinosaurs and hunting for a bear, wolf, wild boar, lynx, elk, wood grouse, black grouse and woodcock..